Yorubyte: NIGERIAN ALAAFIN OROMPOTONIYUN, THE FIRST SURGEON ON EARTH TO PERFORM A TRANSGENDER SURGERY
Bruce (or Cathlyn) Jenner is one of the most popular figures in the entertainment industry in the U.S.A today. Her fame is because of her transgender status (which is not even complete yet).
Sex reassignment surgery or SRS (also known as gender reassignment surgery, genital reconstruction surgery, sex realignment surgery, or, colloquially, a sex change) is the surgical procedure (or procedures) by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that of the gender they want to be identified with.
By (Oyinbo) medical records, the first transgender surgery was performed in Berlin, Germany in 1931 when Dora Richter became the first known transgender woman to undergo vaginoplasty (creation of a vagina from a penis). As a matter of fact many men had tried to become women since the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans. What used to be done was that such men simply had their penis cut off. It was not until 1931 that it was possible to create vaginas from penises.
But No, it had never been possible for a woman to become a man all through history (as recorded by orthodox medical sciences) until 1946 when Phalloplasty (the construction or reconstruction of a penis, or the artificial modification of the penis by surgery.) was achieved by Dr, Harold Gillies.
The first (recorded by medical sciences) phalloplasty done for the purposes of sexual reassignment was
Okay, let's cut the Bull crap. Who told the white man that they were the first to do transgender surgeries? Because they successfully did a transgender operation in 1946 ni le n le n’biyi (just yesterday here)? I laugh. Have they not heard of the great surgeon, Alaafin Orompotoniyun of Oyo Empire in Nigeria? Ajiun, ar'obo s'ete, oba olore n la, oba olore kanya-kanya (King Orompotoniyun, Ajiun the custodian of the vagina that kills evil plots. the king with the great gift, the king with the flabbergasting gift). Orompotoniyun was indeed a king like no other. He was the first person on earth that performed a successful transgender surgical operation complete with Phalloplasty (construction of a penis), mastectomy (removal of the breasts), chest reconstruction (the shaping of a male-contoured chest), and scrotoplasty (using the labia majora, popularly called vulva, to form a scrotum ). This, he did in faraway circa 1540, over 400 years before the white man could even think about it. Come along, let me tell you what happened.
Alaafin Ofinran, after the demise of his father (Alaafin Onigbogi), and living in a strange land (Bariba land), decided to collect his people together and set out for their return to Oyo where he and his subjects can live in dignity. Alaafin Ofinran proceeded on the journey with prince Eguguoju, princess Orompotoniyun and prince Ajiboyede. One of the king's wives was pregnant with a foetus. The little prince was born during the trip. He was named Tella Abiipa. The reason for the name Abiipa is another interesting history with two versions, but that is story for another day. While the procession was on its way back to Oyo, very many great events occurred (i would narrate those events someday, for now, let's say they are story for another day too).
Okay, now, this is where the whole story changes. Take a deep breath, grab some popcorn and fanta apple, the greatest surgeon that ever lived is about to come in.
With the demise of prince Eguguoju, the next prince was prince Ajiboyede but he was still a young boy, too young to become a king. Of course, prince Tella (that was born on the way) was a toddler, so he was not even in consideration. The only other person who had a blood line to the Alaafin dynasty was the princess Orompotoniyun. But God forbid that a lady would become an alaafin to rule over men. obinrin at'eyin to! (A specie who urinates from the rear!), ka ma ri! Tufiakwa! God Forbid! So, some of the oyomesis (council in chief) members started plotting on how they would install themselves as king thereby introducing their own lineage into the Alaafin line.
See, royalty is always royalty. Let no one deceive you, the truth is that NOT ALL MEN ARE BORN EQUAL. Orompotoniyun was not going to let such sacriledge happen, she was determined to protect her family name at all cost. She was going to protect the royal blood from being corrupted. She was determined to defend what belonged to her family by right, by history and by divine providence.
Now, if you remember, Orompoto was with her father during the war that caused them to move to the bariba land and she learnt about "strategy of survival". She was with her father when he organised moving them from Bariba land back to Oyo, she learnt "planning to progress". She was with her father when they proceeded on the trip, thereby learning "execution of strategy after planning". Orompoto was with her brother when he finally brought them to Igboho, it means she learnt "finishing". She was extremely very well blended in conceptualization of strategy and its execution to a logical conclusion. Above all, she was a princess of an Alaafin, - Death the father, Death the mother, second in command only to the gods. The child of death, that can't be killed (Omo iku ti iku o le pa). The offspring of diseases, that can't be afflicted by diseases (omo arun, ti arun o le se). The scion of disaster whom can not experience disaster (Omo ofo ti o le se ofo). Alaafin the one who threads on his kingdom with benevolence but marches on rebelious others' with anhilating destruction (Alaafin ti n f'ese ire te ojude ti e, ti n f'ese ika te ti omo olomo). Alaafin the great, who seeks whom to fight, because all and sundry cower at his great might and there exist none to engage him, he looks invitingly at the wall for a chance just to engage in a fight (Ko ri eni ba ja, o n wo ogiri rako-rako). Kaabiyesi oooo. This is the kind of lineage from whence Orompotoniyun comes from, and the treacherous plotters think she would hand over her family rights just like that without a fight? They must be kidding!
Orompotoniyun summoned the chiefs and told them in clear terms that they should start preparing for her coronation. "oti o" was the general response. "It can't happen, we won’t have a king who would urinate from the rear. Mba! Ko jor mehn". Even the chiefs who were not part of the treacherous plans to usurp the Alaafin's blood line couldn't support Orompotoniyun. having a female king is just a No-No! So Orompoto asked them all, "what if i show you proof that i am a man and not a woman, would that satisfy you?". "What sort of question is this", they responded, "princess, is all well with you?". At this point the treacherous chiefs (awon olote) decided it would be a good idea to even ridicule her with her own offer. So they told her, "we would make you king if you can show proof that you are a man. However, the only acceptable proof to us would be to see you stark naked". You know what, Orompotoniyun agreed to the deal. She said they should meet at the palace in 7 days time for the proof or otherwise.
From the day of the meeting, Orompotoniyun started wearing male clothings. Buba and Sokoto with cap. Go ask any transgender doctor today, the first thing they ask you to do when you say you want to change your gender is to start wearing the clothings of the new gender you want to become. There was no oyinbo doctor who taught Orompotoniyun this procedure. I tell you, our African fore bears had advanced knowledge that we lost somewhere along the way.
The whole of Yoruba land had heard about the face off and all were looking forward to the D-day.
On the 7th day, Orompotoniyun was waiting at the "ipebi", the venue of the show down. As each chief entered the venue, they greeted Orompoto grumpily "Bawo ni o", "pele o, omobabinrin". Greetings that depict condescension. Orompoto took it all without speaking a word. She mounted the podium and addressed Oyomesi, saying she was ready to show them proof. Orompotoniyun removed the cap she had on. Oyomesi ‘yinmu’ED at her. "Anyone can barb her hair and claim to be a man. Abeg remove your clothes". Orompotoniyun removed her Buba and Oyomesi saw a chest with breasts molded like that of a man (Masectomy). Oyomesi ‘moju’ED, "Many women have small breasts, that doesn't make them into men, abeg remove your trousers", those were the reactions of the chiefs.
At this point, Orompotoniyun started fiddling with the trousers she had on. All the chiefs knew she would be put to shame. There was no way Orompotoniyun would pull this off. The best that can happen is that Orompotoniyun would be a "lakiriboto" (a woman without vaginal opening), there is no way she would be able to conjure a penis. Even if by deceit, she tried to tie on a penis, where would she find a scrotum from? When Orompotoniyun dropped her trousers, Oyomesi was shocked. They not only saw a penis (phalloplasty), they also saw a scrotum sack drooping with two scrotum eggs in the sack. The whole of Oyomesi dropped on their chest in prostration and chanted the greeting of Obeisance at once, Kaabiyesi oooo.... She He was enthroned as Alaafin Orompotoniyun, Ajiun, arobo se'gun ote. Now popularly praised as Ajiun ar'obo se'te. (Ajiun, the one who has a vagina that quashed treacherous plotters).
hen they look at Jenner Bruce, they say its advanced science that the white man uses. To all such people, I say… May the Lord return the brains that was seized from you. Africa had, and still has a science, we only need to seek it and present it in a formal way.
Orompotoniyun went ahead to be a very successful king. He built a wall around Igboho which you can still see till this day. He devised an ingenious way of moving his warriors to attack enemies in such a way that nobody knew which way the warriors were headed. This he achieved by placing the foot soldiers in front and the cavalries on horses behind. Each horse had broad leaves tied to its tail, drooping to the ground, such that the leaves cleans off the footprints of the horses and men on foot.
Orompotoniyun won many wars and kept the capital safe and secured in his time.
When next they tell you the white man was the first to do something, you may want to check with our African fathers first.
WE ARE AFRICANS….. AHU!!!
- Till Next week Friday.
follow Olufemi on twitter: @ffadairo
NB: Special thanks to the Aare of Igboho land, the Alepata of Igboho and the Oba Ona-Onibode of igboho, for recieving us in their respective palaces and showing us the Igbo-oba where the yorubyte crew saw the tombs of Orompotoniyun and the other kings.